The Royal Navy invented the steam catapult, but then scrapped all its large carriers. There wasn’t a need, so development stopped and the RN invested in VSTOL/STOAR aircraft.
France’s CATOBAR on her carriers seems to work well enough. The Russian Mig29 and Su33 use full throttle and a rolling take off.
"I go online sometimes, but everyone's spelling is really bad. It's... depressing."